Voices of lifeworld and medicine dynamic (VoLiMeD)
Developers: Yvan Leanza
Year of publication: 2003
Date of last revision: 21 October 2019
Setting in which the tool was originally developed/validated: Pediatrics
Restriction to setting(s): None
Target group: All
General communication behavior / Overall communication behavior
Implicit discourse content (voices) and (absence of) meaning coconstruction
The Voice of Lifeworld (VoL) and the Voice of Medicine (VoM). A voice is пthe realization in speech of underlying normative ordersН (Mishler, 1984). The VoL is the contextual understanding of health issues. It is opposed to the Voice of Medicine (VoM), the technical, decontextualized scientific assumptions of medicine. Looking at the dynamic between the two in a medical consultation enables to see if and how meaning can be generated out of the communication.
Types of data required to use the tool: Video recordings, Transcripts
Intended application: Education, Research
Reference(s) to development/validation paper(s):
1. Leanza, Y. (2004). P_diatres, parents migrants et interprЏtes communautaires : un dialogue de sourds ? Cahiers de lНinstitut lausannois des sciences du langage [Num_ro sp_cial], 16, 131-158.
2. Leanza, Y., Boivin, I., & Rosenberg, E. (2010). Interruptions and resistance: a comparison of medical consultations with family and trained interpreters. Social Science & Medicine, 70(12), 1888-1895. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.036
3. Leanza, Y., Boivin, I. & Rosenberg, E. (2013). The patientsН Lifeworld: Building meaningful clinical encounters between patients, physicians and interpreters. Communication and Medicine 10(1), 13-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/cam.v10i1.13
Tool/manual available: Yes.
Tool description by the author:
This tool helps understand what happens to the Voice of Lifeworld when expressed. Is it ignored, blocked, rationalized, recognized, is it merged with the Voice of Medicine to build some new meanings. The description obtained can help researchers and probably educators and trainees. No specific training is required, but a good understanding of Habermas Lifeworld and System concepts (as interpreted by Mishler for example) is necessary.