Developers: Glyn Elwyn, Maka Tsulukidze, Adrian Edwards, France Légaré, Robert Newcombe

Year of publication: 2013

Date of last revision: 21 October 2019

Setting in which the tool was originally developed/validated: Primary care

Restriction to setting(s): Not specified

Target group: Family physicians and their patients

Language(s): English

Translations(s): Dutch, German

Tool topics:

Information giving / providing information / explanation and planning
Shared decision making

Specific constructs/behaviours:

Essential requirements of SDM when providers make an effort to involve patients in decisions; SDM is composed of justifying deliberative work, followed by the steps of describing options, information exchange, preference elicitation, and preference integration

Specific behaviors:
1. Justify the work of deliberation
2. Justify the work of deliberation as a team
3. inform, describe options, exchange views
4. Elicit preferences
5. Integrate preferences

Types of data required to use the tool: Video recordings, Audio recordings

Intended application: Research

Reference(s) to development/validation paper(s):

Elwyn G, Tsulukidze M, Edwards A, Légaré F, Newcombe R. Using a 'talk' model of shared decision making to propose an observation-based measure: Observer OPTION 5 Item. Patient Educ Couns 2013;93(2):265-271

Barr PJ, O'Malley AJ, Tsulukidze M, Gionfriddo MR, Montori V, Elwyn G. The psychometric properties of Observer OPTION(5), an observer measure of shared decision making. Patient Educ Couns 2015;98(8):970-976

Koelker M, Topp J, Elwyn G, H_rter M, Scholl I. Psychometric properties of the German version of Observer OPTION(5). BMC Health Serv Res 2018;18(1):74 (German version)

Stubenrouch FE, Pieterse AH, Falkenberg R, Santema TK, Stiggelbout AM, van der Weijden T, Aarts JA, Ubbink DT. OPTION(5) versus OPTION(12) instruments to appreciate the extent to which healthcare providers involve patients in decision-making. Patient Educ Couns 2016;99(6):1062-1068 (Dutch version)

Tool/manual available: Yes. (Barr et al (2015))

Access: Public