Chronic Pain Coding System (CPCS)


Developers: Stephen G. Henry, Meng Chen, Marianne S. Matthias, Robert A. Bell, Richard L. Kravitz

Year of publication: 2016

Date last updated: 7 June 2024

Setting in which the tool was originally developed/validated: Primary care clinics

Restriction to setting(s): Patient-clinician discussions about chronic pain and opioids

Target group: Chronic pain patients (and caregivers) and clinicians

Language(s): English


Specific constructs/behaviours:

7 major patient utterance themes; 22 subscales. 6 major clinician utterance themes; 21 subscales. Utterances by third parties (e.g., spouse, medical student) are coded in the same way as patient or companion utterances and are given an additional compan- ion tag to indicate that the utterance was made by a third party.

Intended application: Research

Reference(s) to development/validation paper(s):

Henry et al. (2016)

Reference links:

Tool/manual available: Yes. (The Chronic Pain Coding System Coding manual can be found in the supplementary data on the website of Pain Medicine, at the end of the paper. It is a zip file that leads to a word document called 'revision2_appendix_12-30-2015'. The document is de coding manual)