“Strength of connection” classification tool

Developers: Josef Bartels, Rachel Rodenbach, Katherine Ciesinski, Robert Gramling, Kevin Fiscella, Ronald Epstein

Year of publication: 2016

Date last updated: 7 June 2024

Setting in which the tool was originally developed/validated: Oncology/cancer patients

Restriction to setting(s): Not specified; Initially developed in conversations in the context of advanced cancer.

Target group: Advanced cancer patients and oncologists

Language(s): English


Specific constructs/behaviours:

Connectional Silence

Tool topics:

Non-verbal communication
Relationship building

Intended application: Research

Reference(s) to development/validation paper(s):

Bartels J, Rodenbach R, Ciesinski K, Gramling R, Fiscella K, Epstein R. Eloquent silences: A musical and lexical analysis of conversation between oncologists and their patients. Patient Educ Couns. 2016 Oct;99(10):1584-9doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2016.04.009. Epub 2016 Apr 20.

Reference links:

Tool/manual available: No. (Not mentioned)