State Space Grids


Developers: Heather Louise Gainforth, Fabiana Lorencatto, Karl Erickson, Kristy Baxter, Kailey Owens, Susan Michie, Robert West

Year of publication: 2019

Date last updated: 7 June 2024

Setting in which the tool was originally developed/validated: Primary care

Restriction to setting(s): Smoking cessation

Target group: Clients in smoking cessation behavioural support interaction, Behavioral support practitioners in smoking cessation interactions

Language(s): English


Specific constructs/behaviours:

The practitioner coding framework includes 61 possible categories of practitioner verbal behaviour (e.g., ‘facilitate goals setting’) of which 53 categories represent BCTs in the smoking cessation taxonomy (Michie et al., 2011). The client coding framework includes 57 types of client statement s(e.g., ‘sets goals’), of which 50 corresponded to practitioner-delivered BCTs.

Tool topics:

Health promotion / Health behaviour change

Intended application: Research

Reference(s) to development/validation paper(s):

Gainforth HL, Lorencatto F, Erickson K, Baxter K, Owens K, Michie S, West R. Use of dynamic systems methods to characterize dyadic interactions in smoking cessation behavioural support sessions: A feasibility study. Br J Health Psychol. 2019 Feb;24(1):192-21doi: 10.1111/bjhp.12347. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Reference links:

Tool/manual available: On request. (Appendix of paper: